The weight of diamonds is measured in carats. One carat is divided into 100 points so that a diamond of 0.50 carat is described as a diamond of 50 points. The weight of one carat is 0.2g. Size is the most obvious factor in determining the value of a diamond, but two diamonds of equal carat weight can have a very different value depending on their cut, clarity, and color. Larger diamonds are rarely found and are considered to be more valuable, nonetheless, while selecting a diamond, simply look for the size of diamond that suits you best.
Diamonds are found in a range of colors. The Color of diamond is classified in a range from “Exceptional White to “White) and graded from D to Z. The most common color ranges are “Colorless (D,E,F)”, “Nearly colorless (G,H,I,J)”, and “Slightly yellow (K,L,M)”. Colorless diamonds are most precious as they allow white light to pass through easily to be dispersed in a rainbow of colors.
Diamond is a natural stone often contains unique internal charact-eristics, which are natural “birthmarks” in the form of minute traces of other minerals or non-crystallized carbon. To determine a diamond’s clarity, it is viewed under 10-power magnifying loupe by a trained professional. The quantity, color, size, and position of these internal characteristics determine the clarity of a diamond that makes each diamond unique. The fewer and smaller the inclusions, the less they will interfere with the passage of light, allowing the diamond to sparkle more brilliantly.
Diamonds are cut into different shapes, round, marquise, oval, pear heart and emerald, the choice is largely a personal preference. A well-cut diamond with the right proportions regardless of its shape, display the greatest brilliance and fire.